Building Material Series
Environmental Protection Series
Friction and Sealing Series
Metal and Composite Powder Material Series
NFJ Dust Suppressant Supplier
Home > News > Industry News

What Is Nano Zero-Valent Iron?

Apr. 26, 2024

Nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) refers to nanoparticles composed of zero-valent iron (Fe^0) with at least one dimension in the nanoscale range (typically less than 100 nanometers). Zero-valent iron refers to iron in its elemental form, where each iron atom has an oxidation state of zero.

nZVI has garnered significant attention in various fields due to its unique properties and wide range of applications, particularly in environmental remediation and wastewater treatment. Some key characteristics of nZVI include:

  • High Reactivity: nZVI particles have a high surface area-to-volume ratio, which increases their reactivity compared to bulk iron. This high reactivity makes nZVI effective in degrading a wide range of contaminants, including chlorinated solvents, heavy metals, pesticides, and organic pollutants.

  • Reduction Capacity: nZVI has strong reducing properties, allowing it to react with and neutralize contaminants through various reduction processes. For example, nZVI can reduce chlorinated compounds such as trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE) to non-toxic end products.

Dispersion: Proper dispersion of nZVI particles is crucial for their effectiveness in environmental remediation. Various techniques, such as sonication, surfactant stabilization, and polymer encapsulation, can be used to achieve uniform dispersion of nZVI in aqueous environments.

Nanometer Zero Valent Iron Material

Nanometer Zero Valent Iron Material

  • Mobility: Due to their small size, nZVI particles exhibit enhanced mobility in porous media such as soil and groundwater. This mobility allows nZVI to penetrate deep into contaminated zones, reaching areas that are difficult to access through conventional remediation methods.

  • Surface Modification: Surface modification of nZVI particles can enhance their stability, reactivity, and selectivity towards specific contaminants. Coating nZVI particles with polymers, oxides, or other materials can improve their performance and prevent agglomeration or oxidation in harsh environmental conditions.

  • Environmental Compatibility: nZVI is generally considered environmentally benign, as it degrades into non-toxic iron oxides and hydroxides after reacting with contaminants. However, potential risks associated with the release of nZVI particles into the environment, such as unintended consequences or long-term effects, should be carefully evaluated and mitigated.

Applications of nZVI in environmental remediation include in-situ groundwater treatment, soil remediation, and wastewater treatment. Additionally, nZVI-based materials have been explored for other applications, such as catalysis, magnetic separation, and biomedical applications.

Overall, nano zero-valent iron holds great promise as a versatile and effective tool for addressing environmental challenges and advancing sustainable remediation technologies. Ongoing research continues to explore new applications, optimize synthesis methods, and address potential challenges associated with the practical implementation of nZVI-based technologies.

Contact Us